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Who will be Ningthou?

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Class 5: Unit 10: prose - Who will be Ningthou?

Pre-reading Process slot -1


  • Since the textbook lesson is in the form of a good narrative teacher can use it as the narrative.
  • These narrative you have to read but in slow pace with proper voice modulations and gestures.

Today I am going to talk to you about a Manipuri story. Do you know where Manipur is in the map of India?

In Manipuri language a king is called a Ningthou and a queen is called Leima.

Who is the Ningthou and the Leima in the following picture?


  1. How do we call a king and a queen in Tamil?
  2. Do you know the names of some famous kings and queens you studied before?
  3. Do you remember any stories about them?
  4. Whom do you call a good king? Whom do you call a bad king? Why?

(The purpose of these interactive questions is to make the children familiarize with the theme of the good qualities of a king.)

Okay. I am going to tell the story about choosing a Ningthou. Listen carefully.

Long, long ago, in the land of Kangleipak in Manipur........................................................................................................................................................................ ................................. Twelve years later, a daughter was born. She was named Sanatombi. She was a lovely child, soft and beautiful inside. Everyone loved her.

  • Read the narrative given in the text from Long, long ago till she was loved by one and all (Pg 176) in slow pace with proper voice modulations and gestures.


  1. What a king is called in Manipuri? What about a queen?
  2. Where is the story taking place? Which place?
  3. In Manipuri what is the word used for ‘people’?
  4. How many children did the Nigthou and Leima had?
  5. Who was Sanatombi? What do you know about her?
  6. Do you think people were the only ones who loved their king? Why do you think so?
  7. There is a picture given on page 179 of your text. Can you identify the six characters in it?

Elicit from children the responses and write it down on the BB.

-  A king is called Ningthou and a queen is called Leima.

-  The story is taking place in the land of Kangleipak in Manipur.

-  Meeyam means people in Manipuri.

-  Nigthou and Leima had four children; three sons and a daughter.

-  Sanatombi was the daughter of Nigthou and Leima. She was a lovely child, soft and beautiful inside.

-  People were not the only ones who loved their king and queen. Birds, animals and trees too loved their king and queen.

  • Call some children near to the board and ask them to read what is written on the BB.

Continue Narrative

The years went by, and the children grew up well............................................................................................................................... Whoever reached the Khongnang, the banyan tree, first would be declared Tunggi Ningthou.


  1. What was the Nigthou discussing with his minister?
  2. What is Tunngi Ningthou?
  3. Why were the ministers shocked?
  4. What type of king Ningthou wanted to select?
  5. What was the contest to select the king?
  6. What is the name used for banyan tree? Can you locate it from the textbook?
  7. Do you like the decision of the Ningthou? Why?
  8. Who do you think will win the contest? Why do you think so?
  9. If you were one of the ministers what other contest you would have suggested?

Elicit children’s response and write it down on the board.

-  The Ningthou was discussing with his ministers on selecting the Tunggi Ningthou.

-  Tunngi Ningthou is future king.

-  The ministers were shocked because it was the tradition for the eldest son to become the new king.

-  Ningthou wanted to select a king who is most worthy of becoming a king.

-  The contest was a horse race.

-  Khongnang was the banyan tree.

  • Call some 3-4 children and ask them to read the subtext written on the board.

Continue Narrative

But then a strange thing happened. Do you know what?

Sanajaoba, Sanayaima and Sanatomaba all three of them finished the race together........................................................................ Shouts of Thouro! Thouro! Phajei! Phajei! Filled the mountains.


  1. What happened to the horse race contest? Do you think the three sons are expert?
  2. What did the people shout on watching the horse race?
  3. What did Sanjaoba do to prove his skill in the second time?
  4. What did Sanayaima do to prove his skill?
  5. What did Sanatomba do to prove his skill?
  6. Whose performance you like most?
  7. The people shouted different words to congratulate the princes. Can you list out them and tell
  8. their meaning?
  9. Who has pierced the khongnang tree?
  10. Who has uprooted it?
  11. Do you think the tree would feel pain? What happened to it?
  12. Whom do you think the Ningthou would choose as tunngi ningthou?

Elicit children’s response and write it on the BB.

-  The horse race contest was a draw. The three sons were expert?

-  The shouted Thouro, Phajei as bravo, wonderful.

-  Sanjaoba jumped through the tree.

-  Sanayaima jumped over the tree.

-  Sanatomba uprooted the tree.

-  Sanjaoba pierced the khongnang tree.

Reading Process slot -1

Ask the children to read from “Long, long ago, in the land of Kangleipak in Manipur .....................Shouts of Thouro! Phajei! Filled the mountains.

1. Individual Reading.

Ask children to read individually.

  • Give them the following instructions before reading.
    • Put a question mark against the lines you are not able to understand.
    • Underline the lines you were able to read and understand.
  • Go round the class and monitor their reading process.
  • Invite their attention to the Black board sentences, expressions that was generated.

2. Collaborative Reading

Put children in small groups and give them the following instructions:

-  Each member take turn and tell others one idea from the text.

-  Read the sentence in the text that contains the idea.

-  Let others locate the sentence and read it.

-  Share with others what you were able to read and understand.

-  Now tell your group members the words or sentences you were not able to understand.

-  Collectively guess the idea.

-  If you don’t get the meaning, you can ask your teacher.

3. Reading Aloud

Read the text on page 176 but slow in pace and with proper voice modulation.

  • Ask the children to sit in groups.
  • Ask them to take turns and read loud one sentence each from the text.

Comprehension Questions

The interaction questions that we asked earlier can be asked once again to check the comprehension of the students.
Some additional questions:

  1. Can you locate in the text the name of the land in which the story is taking place?
  2. Why did the people of Kangliepak love their king and queen?
  3. Why did the Ningthou wa
  4. “Our meeyam should be happy” whose words are these?
  5. Some of the words/expressions used in Manipuri is mentioned in the story. Can you list them down and write it’s meaning in English and Tamil?

Post Reading Process - Writing

Ask children to sit in groups and write answers to the following question:

Describe the horse racing contest between the princes in your own words.

Before children start writing, you can brainstorm the children with the following sub-questions:

-  What was the contest?

-  Who were the people involved in it?

-  Where was it taking place?

-  How did each princes perform?

-  Who won the contest?

-  How did the people react?

Ask children to write their description on a chart.

Editing process

Group Presentation - Ask the groups to present their version. Teacher’s version – You may present your version.
Model of Teacher’s Version

A horse race contest for the future king

In the land of Kangleipak in Manipur, a horse race contest for selecting the future king took place. In the contest the person who reaches the banyan tree first would be declared the winner. The three princes – Sanajaoba, Sanayaima, and Sanatomba participated in the contest. To everyone’s surprise, all three of them finished the race together. They reached the finish line at the same time! The people shouted “Expert horsemen”! There was no winner. Now, the king has to conduct some other contest for the princes.

Edit one group work following the process.

  1. Check the theme (sequencing of the ideas)
  2. Check the sentence grammar
    1. Whether there are any words missing.
    2. Any sentence with wrong word order.
    3. Any sentence with excess words.
    4. Any changes are needed in the word forms used (Ex: tense, plurals etc.)
  3. Check writing conventions: Capitalization and punctuation

Ask children to rewrite their group work written on the notebook based on the feedback.

Pre-reading Process for slot -2


Sanatomba carried the tree to the Ningthou and Leima and laid it at their feet. The people were so excited. They praised him. But the Ningthou and Leima took more time to declare the winner.

“Why do the king take more time to choose the winner?” people asked each other. Do you know the reason?
Look at the picture

Picture based interaction

  1. Who is the small girl touching the tree?
  2. Is Sanatombi happy? Why do you think so?
  3. What made Sanatombi sad?
  4. What happened to the tree?
  5. Why are the birds crying?
  6. What is the Nigthou and Leima doing?

Continue Narrative

Read the text from “The people grew restless ...................... Sanatombi feels the pain of others. She feels the pain of the people, the animals, the birds, the trees.” with proper voice modulation at slow pace.


  1. Who looked sad and lonely?
  2. What did the birds do when the tree was cut down?
  3. What did Sanatombi whisper to the tree?
  4. Whom did the the Ningthou declare the future Leima?
  5. Why did the king choose Sanatambi as the future Leima?
  6. Do you think the three brothers would be happy? Why do you think so?

Elicit children’s response and write down on the BB.

-  Sanatombi looked sad and lonely.

-  Birds flapped worriedly. They searched for their homes in the tree.

-  Sanatombi whispered to the tree that it is dead by the spear.

-  The Ningthou declared Sanatombi the future Leima.

-  The king chose Sanatombi because she felt the pain of others. She felt the pain of the people, the animals, the birds, the trees.

Picture Based Interaction

  1. Who is this little girl?
  2. What are the birds doing? Are the birds afraid of Sanatambi? How do you know?
  3. Do you think Sanatambi is the right person to be the future queen? Why?

Continue Narrative

Read from “I declare Sanatombi the future Leima of Kangleipak...................... A Leima is one who doesn’t hurt anybody in the kingdom.”


  1. What did the birds do around Sanatombi?
  2. What is there on Sanatombi’s palm?
  3. Who is actually a Leima?
  4. If you were Sanatambi, what would you tell the people?

Elicit children’s response and write down on the BB.

-  The birds flew around her, sat on her head and shoulders and pecked the grains.

-  There is some grains on her palm.

-  A Leima is one who doesn’t hurt anybody in the kingdom?

Reading Process

Follow the same process that you followed in the First part of text. Individual Reading

Collaborative Reading

Reading Aloud

Comprehension Questions - All the interaction questions which were asked before can be asked again to check children’s comprehension.

Additional Questions

  1. How old was Sanatombi? Can you locate the answer from the text?
  2. What did Sanatombi whisper to the tree? Show from the text.

Post reading process – Writing and Editing

Ask the children to individually describe the picture given on page no 179. Ask them to present their individual version.

Take one of them and edit it.

Display the teacher’s version.

Ask children to rewrite their version based on the feedback.

Dramatization of the whole lesson

Process of generating drama

1. Ask the children to find out what are the incidents/actions in the story and then list them down in the sequence.

For example,

A baby girl was born after twelve years

The Ningthou called all his ministers.

All the three princes finished the race together. The people shouted

Note – help the children to understand how “There lived a king and queen, they had 3 sons, she was a lovely child” are not incidents but descriptions.

2. Ask children to find out what are the dialogues in the story and write it down. Match it with the right incident.

For example,
“Everybody in Kangleipak should live in peace.” “It is now time to decide the Tunggi Ningthou.” “But O Ningthou, what is there to decide?” “Look at them”

Note – Tell children how the dialogues will be written in the text in inverted commas.

Write the dialogues for each actions taking place in the story. Don’t use the textbook dialogues as itself for the drama.

3. Ask children to find out which characters are telling the dialogue and to whom are they speaking.

These characters are doing some actions and talking. Go through the textbook and pictures and find out what are they doing.

4. Ask children to write down where is the incidents are taking place. (place of action)

For example,
The horse race contest – near the banyan tree, outside the palace The meeting of the king with the minister – inside the palace

5. Let groups plan the drama by allotting character to each member of the group.

6. Let them practice the dialogues.

7. Let them present their drama

8. Elicit reflections from the children on their performance.

9. Give your feedback using the following words:

  1. Did you cover all the events?
  2. Are the dialogues sufficient?
  3. Do you want to add more dialogues?
  4. Do you want to change any dialogues?
  5. Was the whole class able to hear your dialogues?
  6. Did you say dialogues with emotions like joy, sadness, anger etc.?



Term: Term 3

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