To identify and understand
- The need for travel
- Different modes of travel
- About the people involved in transportation
- Distance involved (long, short) and places involved (source, destination and places on the route)
Activity 1: Engaging - The students are made to play the train game, forming a train by standing one behind the other, making train rhythm sounds ‘chuk… chuk…’and going round the school. After coming to the class we discussed trains and railway station. From this we identified students who have already travelled in a train and made them to enact a situation like at the railway station ticket counter and traveling passengers. We used the train situation because children normally are fond of trains and enjoyed it a lot while it was also a new learning experience for most of them. This way the students are immersed and engaged with transportation.
Activity 2: Introducing wheels - Here we introduce the word ‘transport’ by asking questions like ‘how they can move from one place to other in their day to day life?’ The students replied, through vehicles like cycle, bus, car, train, etc. From the answers I explained that for all transport, to move from one place to other, the wheel is important. Then I showed a video about the invention of wheel and its uses by mankind from stone-age period to modern period. Our discussion continued to identity the types of wheel. Students matched different wheels (seeing pictures) to the particular vehicles. Then they drew different kinds of wheels. We discussed the special type of wheels used for different vehicles. Eg.: Tractor, JCBs and train.
Activity 3: Transportation in olden days - I asked how their grandparents and parents traveled in their childhoods. The students replied, bus, cycle, bullock cart etc. Then I showed a chart which depicts the evolution of transport vehicles from old to modern days. The students asked many questions about my travel in childhood days and how it had changed now. I explained that the use of bikes and personal vehicles had increased. Then we discussed the question ‘How we are coming to school’ and students replied citing the use of modern transport like bus, bike for daily transport. We analyzed the situation ‘What if a bus doesn’t come?’ for which the children answered, car, auto and bus. I asked ‘What if there is a strike?’ or ‘If you don’t get petrol at all?’, then they answered, bullock carts or horse carts. Later, using the evolution timeline picture of transport, we discussed how transport had changed through history and how some old forms of transport can also be useful now.
Activity 4:Evolution of transport picture- Then I made a classroom situation in which the students are in hilly regions, forest and snow regions and then asked how they will travel in these regions. Students were unable to visualize the situations. After some time some students replied that people will slide and skate on snow which they explained that they have seen on movies and television shows. Students watched a video on students crossing a river by a bamboo bridge while going to school in Northeast India followed by a discussion on how people travel where there is no proper transport. The students themselves told about some of their friends who are feeling it hard to walk long distances to come to school in the absence of proper transport. From this we can realize that students have understood the importance of transport.
Activity 5: About Special purpose vehicles - We analyzed a picture (from the book) of a building which is burning. A fire engine, a police van and an ambulance are there. The students stated that the fire engine is to put down the fire and the ambulance is to take care of wounded people and take them to hospital for treatment. But they said the police vehicle is there to catch the thief and some said to catch the guy who started the fire. I added that the police are not always present to catch the bad guys, but also to take care of all emergency situations.
Activity 6: Goods vehicles - We discussed the vehicles used for transporting goods like vegetables, fruits, etc. I used the real life example of the occupation of parents of a student who is a flower vendor. She explained that daily the flowers are brought from Pondicherry by bus. In this case, they use a passenger vehicle for transporting goods. But then I asked what about other goods. The students pointed out that bricks, and sand for construction are brought by the load auto. Hence the students are aware of goods transportation.
Activity 7: Students had some knowledge about how vehicles work, for example, the usage of petrol and diesel. I prepared a matching activity for vehicles which are powered by human or by cattle. The students matched them correctly. The students listed that bike, car, bus runs on petrol about which I clarified that there is another fuel called diesel. Bus runs on diesel only, car runs on both petrol and diesel and bike runs on petrol only. Then I also explained that nowadays petrol, and diesel resources are reducing. So we should use them properly, and only when there is a need. From this, I asked students to think and write ways that vehicles can be used without petrol or diesel and what vehicles will look like after some years. Some students talked about battery bikes and some also said that we will be flying on rockets. This made them think about what future transportation might look like.
A.Santhosh knumar, PST
Term: Term 1